United States of America, 1928-1987
The leading figure of the pop art movement, Warhol’s work explores the relationship between art, culture and celebrity by leveraging both highly-innovative and standard commercial image-making processes. Warhol’s focus was on the surface of the pieces, and mined everyday subjects or objects from popular culture. To achieve his characteristic flat color areas and finished, hard edges, Warhol often employed the silk-screen printing method. He reduced brand names, celebrities, and symbols down to their iconic essence—and removed all traces of the artist's hand in the production of his work. This impersonal, machine-like repetition became the trademark of his multi-image, mass-produced style.
Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Warhol graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1949 and later that year moved to New York City to pursue a career in magazine illustration and advertising. Warhol first became known for his illustrative ink drawings of shoe advertisements which were featured in early gallery shows in New York. Warhol introduced his take on pop art in 1961 during a solo exhibition at Eleanor Ward's Stable Gallery in 1962. This show included images of Marilyn, Soup Cans, Coke Bottles, 100 Dollar Bills. Warhol permanently brought himself and the pop art movement onto the scene through these images of celebrities and common consumer products, and instantly changed the entire landscape of the art world.
Warhol influenced many artists like Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat. His particular ideas of what pop art is, was adopted by many contemporary artists such as Richard Prince, Takashi Murakami, Jeff Koons, among countless others. His extensive body of work can be found in numerous public and private collections all over the world.