United Kingdom, 1898-1986
Henry Moore was one of England’s most influential artists and sculptors. Moore's early work was heavily influenced by the rough and geometric styles of pre-Columbian art. By 1928 Moore had earned his international reputation through a new, more personal approach to his work. His sculptures in cement, wood, and stone are characterized by their smooth, organic shapes and often include empty cavernous voids, which he believed had just as much compositional importance as the solid areas. Moore became well known for his large, semi-abstract, public works of art, shown in marble or bronze. These monuments are typically abstractions of the human figure, depicting a mother-and-child relationship or reclining bodies and became instrumental in introducing Moore’s specific form of modernism to the United Kingdom.
Moore's first solo sculpture exhibition was held at Warren Gallery in London in 1928. His first retrospective took place at Temple Newsam, Leeds, in 1941. In 1946, Moore held his first major retrospective in the United States at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. His sculpture and drawings have been the focus of countless retrospectives and exhibitions, including the Whitechapel Gallery, London; Tate Gallery, London; Forte di Belvedere, Florence; Tate Gallery and the Serpentine Gallery, London; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Wakefield; Royal Academy of Arts, London; Shanghai Art Museum; National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.; CaixaForum, Barcelona; Kunsthal, Rotterdam; Didrichsen Art Museum, Helsinki; Kew Botanical Gardens, London; Tate Britain; and the Kremlin Museum, Moscow.
Image: wikimedia.commons - Photo by Allan Warren